Byzantine Empire, Michael VII Ducas 1071-1078

ac02-0105_f_600x600
ac02-0105_f_600x600ac02-0105_b_600x600
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CATALOG INFORMATION
ID Number: AC02-0105
Category: Medieval Coins
Description: Michael VII Ducas, 1071-1078 AD
Country or State: Emperor of the Byzantine Empire (Constantinople)
Year:  
Period: 1071-1078 AD
Head of State/Ruler: Michael VII Doukas or Ducas (Greek: Μιχαήλ Ζ΄ Δούκας); Mikhaēl VII Doukas, nicknamed Parapinakēs (Παραπινάκης)
Reign: Byzantine Emperor from 1071 to 1078
Currency:  
Face Value:  
Subject/Theme:  
Obverse: Cross crosslet on globus resting on three steps, x at center of cross, pellet within crescent on shaft; in field to left, facing bust of Michael, bearded, wearing crown and jewelled chlamys; to right, facing bust of Maria, wearing crown and loros
Obverse Legend: EN TOVTW NIKATE MIXAHΛ S MAPIA
Obverse Designer:  
Reverse: Legend in five lines; above and below inscription, -.-; triple border
Reverse Legend: MIXAHΛ KAI MAPIA ΠICTOI RACIΛEIC PWMAIWN
Reverse Designer:  
Edge: Irregular
Note:  
Mint Mark:  
Composition: Silver miliaresion
Diameter: ~20.0 mm (Irregular)
Thickness: ~2.0 mm
Weight: 2.80 grams
Mintage:  
Krause & Mishler Number:  
Other Catalog Number: DOC III 2, 811, 6b; Sear 369, 1874; Ratto 2047
State of Conservation: Extremely Fine (XF), very well preserved and well centered
Rarity: Very Scarce
   

CATALOG VALUE
Proof (Prf) € -
Brilliant Uncirculated (BU) € -
Mint State/Mint Condition (MS) € -
Uncirculated (Unc) € -
Extremely Fine (XF) € -
Very Fine (VF) € -
Fine (F) € -
Very Good (VG) € -
Good (G) € -
   

HISTORICAL NOTES

Michael VII Doukas or Ducas (Greek: Μιχαήλ Ζ΄ Δούκας, Mikhaēl VII Doukas), nicknamed Parapinakēs (Παραπινάκης), was Byzantine emperor from 1071 to 1078.

Michael VII was the eldest son of Constantine X Doukas and Eudokia Makrembolitissa, and was born c. 1050, in Constantinople. He had been associated with his father on the throne late in 1059, together with or shortly before his newly born brother Konstantios Doukas. When Constantine X died in 1067, Michael VII was 17 years old and should have been able to rule by himself. He exhibited little interest in politics, and his mother Eudokia and uncle John Doukas governed the empire as effective regents.

Several misfortunes caused widespread dissatisfaction, exacerbated by the devaluation of the currency, which gave the emperor his nickname Parapinakēs, "minus a quarter". In 1078 two generals, Nikephoros Bryennios and Nikephoros Botaneiates, simultaneously revolted in the Balkans and Anatolia, respectively. Botaneiates gained the support of the Seljuk Turks and first reached Constantinople. Michael VII resigned the throne with hardly a struggle on March 31, 1078 and retired into the monastery of Stoudios. He later became metropolitan archbishop of Ephesus and died in Constantinople in c. 1090.