Rome, L. Titurius & L. F. Sabinus, 89 BC

ac15-0402_2_f_600x600
ac15-0402_2_f_600x600ac15-0402_2_b_600x600
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CATALOG INFORMATION
ID Number: AC15-0402.2
Category: Ancient Coins
Description: Rome, L. Titurius & L. F. Sabinus, 89 BC
Country or State: Rome
Year: Rome mint, 89 BC
Period: Republic
Head of State/Ruler:  
Reign:  
Currency: AR Denarius
Face Value:  
Subject/Theme: Rape of the Sabine Women
Obverse: Bare head of King Tatius right; before, TA monogram
Obverse Legend: SABIN
Obverse Designer: L. F. Sabinus
Reverse: Two Roman soldiers standing facing one another, each carrying a Sabine woman in his arms
Reverse Legend: L • TITVRI
Reverse Designer: Lucius Titurius
Edge: Irregular
Note: The Rape of the Sabine Women is a legendary episode in the early history of Rome, where Romulus and his followers captured wives from the surrounding Sabine tribes. According to the story, Romulus attempted to negotiate with his neighbors for their daughters to supply the Roman men with brides, but having failed he devised a plan to abduct the women instead. He held a large festival and invited the neighboring tribes to attend, which they did, then at a given signal the Roman men grabbed the Sabine girls and fought off the Sabine men.
Mint Mark: TA monogram in right field
Composition: Silver (Ag)
Diameter: ~20.0 mm (irregular), oval shaped
Thickness:  
Weight: 4.2 grams
Mintage:  
Krause & Mishler Number:  
Other Catalog Number: Crawford 344/1a; Sydenham 698; Tituria 1
State of Conservation: Extremely Fine (XF)
Rarity:  
   

CATALOG VALUE
Proof (Prf) € -
Brilliant Uncirculated (BU) € -
Mint State/Mint Condition (MS) € -
Uncirculated (Unc) € -
Extremely Fine (XF) € -
Very Fine (VF) € -
Fine (F) € -
Very Good (VG) € -
Good (G) € -
   

HISTORICAL NOTES

The Rape of the Sabine Women (Sabinae raptae) is an episode in the legendary history of Rome, traditionally dated to 750 BC,[1] in which the first generation of Roman men acquired wives for themselves from the neighboring Sabine families. The English word rape is a conventional translation of the Latin raptio, which in this context means "abduction" rather than its prevalent modern meaning in English language of sexual violation. 

The Rape is supposed to have occurred in the early history of Rome, shortly after its founding by Romulus and his mostly male followers. Seeking wives in order to found families, the Romans negotiated unsuccessfully with the Sabines, who populated the area. Fearing the emergence of a rival society, the Sabines refused to allow their women to marry the Romans. Consequently, the Romans planned to abduct Sabine women, during a festival of Neptune Equester and proclaimed the festival among Rome's neighbours. According to Livy, many people from Rome's neighbours including folk from the Caeninenses, Crustumini, and Antemnates, and many of the Sabines attended. At the festival Romulus gave a signal, at which the Romans grabbed the Sabine women and fought off the Sabine men. The indignant abductees were soon implored by Romulus to accept Roman husbands.

Livy is clear that no sexual assault took place. On the contrary, Romulus offered them free choice and promised civic and property rights to women. According to Livy, Romulus spoke to them each in person, "and pointed out to them that it was all owing to the pride of their parents in denying the right of intermarriage to their neighbours. They would live in honourable wedlock, and share all their property and civil rights, and, dearest of all to human nature would be the mothers of free men."