Gaius Julius Germanicus, 37-41 AD


ID Number: AC13-0302
Category: Ancient Coins
Description: Gaius Julius Germanicus, 37-41 AD
Country or State: Roman Empire
Year: Struck 37-38 AD
Period: Empire
Head of State/Ruler: Gaius Julius Germanicus commonly known as Caligula (Full Name: Birth to accession: Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus, As Emperor: Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus), 3rd Emperor of the Roman Empire
Reign: 16 March 37 AD to 24 January 41 AD (3 years, 314 days)
Currency: Denarius, Lugdunum (Lyon)
Face Value:  
Subject/Theme: Caligula with his mother Agrippina
Obverse: Laureate head right of Caligula
Obverse Legend: C. CAESAR. AVG. GERM. P. M. TR. POT
Obverse Designer:  
Reverse: Draped bust right of Agrippina, hair falling down neck in a plait
Reverse Designer:  
Edge: Irregular
Mint Mark:  
Composition: Sliver (Ag)
Diameter: ~18.0 mm (irregular)
Weight: 3.0 Grams
Krause & Mishler Number:  
Other Catalog Number: RIC 14; Sear 1825; RSC 2
State of Conservation: Extremely Fine (XF)
Rarity: Very rare and of beautiful style

Proof (Prf) € -
Brilliant Uncirculated (BU) € -
Mint State/Mint Condition (MS) € -
Uncirculated (Unc) € -
Extremely Fine (XF) € -
Very Fine (VF) € -
Fine (F) € -
Very Good (VG) € -
Good (G) € -


There are few surviving sources on Caligula's reign, although he is described as a noble and moderate ruler during the first six months of his rule. After this, the sources focus upon his cruelty, extravagance and sexual perversity, presenting him as an insane tyrant. While the reliability of these sources has increasingly been called into question, it is known that during his brief reign, Caligula worked to increase the unconstrained personal power of the emperor (as opposed to countervailing powers within the principate). He directed much of his attention to ambitious construction projects and notoriously luxurious dwellings for himself. However, he initiated the construction of two new aqueducts in Rome: the Aqua Claudia and the Anio Novus. During his reign, the Empire annexed the Kingdom of Mauretania and made it into a province.

In early 41 AD, Caligula became the first Roman emperor to be assassinated, the result of a conspiracy involving officers of the Praetorian Guard, as well as members of the Roman Senate and of the imperial court. The conspirators' attempt to use the opportunity to restore the Roman Republic was thwarted: on the same day the Praetorian Guard declared Caligula's uncle Claudius emperor in his place.