Titus Flavius Vespasianus, 69-79 AD

ac06-0201_f_600x600
ac06-0201_f_600x600ac06-0201_b_600x600


CATALOG INFORMATION
ID Number: AC06-0201
Category: Ancient Coins
Description: Titus Flavius Vespasianus, 69-79 AD
Country or State: Roman Empire
Year: Lugdunum (Lyon) 72 AD
Period:  
Head of State/Ruler: Vespasian (Full name Titus Flavius Vespasianus (from birth to accession); Titus Flavius Caesar Vespasianus Augustus (as emperor)), 9th Emperor of the Roman Empire
Reign: 1 July 69 – 23 June 79 AD
Currency: Dupondius
Face Value:  
Subject/Theme:  
Obverse: Draped bust of Vespasian facing right
Obverse Legend: IMP. CAES. VESPASIAN AVG COS IIII
Obverse Designer:  
Reverse: Fortuna standing left holding Cornucopiae
Reverse Legend: FORTUNAE REDVCI / SC
Reverse Designer:  
Edge: Irregular
Note:  
Mint Mark:  
Composition: Orichalcum
Diameter: 27.0 mm (irregular)
Thickness:  
Weight: 11,4 grams
Mintage:  
Krause & Mishler Number:  
Other Catalog Number: RIC 739;C 195; RIC² 1187
State of Conservation: Extremely Fine (XF)
Rarity:  
   

CATALOG VALUE
Proof (Prf) € -
Brilliant Uncirculated (BU) € -
Mint State/Mint Condition (MS) € -
Uncirculated (Unc) € -
Extremely Fine (XF) € -
Very Fine (VF) € -
Fine (F) € -
Very Good (VG) € -
Good (G) € -
   

HISTORICAL NOTES

Vespasian (Full Name: Titus Flavius Caesar Vespasianus Augustus; 17 November 9 – 23 June 79) was Roman Emperor from AD 69 to AD 79. Vespasian was the founder of the Flavian dynasty, which ruled the Empire for a quarter century. Vespasian was descended from a family of equestrians, who rose into the senatorial rank under the Emperors of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Although he attained the standard succession of public offices, holding the consulship in 51 AD, Vespasian became more reputed as a successful military commander, participating in the Roman invasion of Britain in 43, and subjugating Judaea during the Jewish rebellion of 66 AD.

While Vespasian was preparing to besiege the city of Jerusalem during the latter campaign, emperor Nero committed suicide, plunging the empire into a year of civil war known as the Year of the Four Emperors. After the emperors Galba and Otho perished in quick succession, Vitellius became Emperor in April AD 69. In response, the armies in Egypt and Judaea declared Vespasian emperor on 1 July.

In his bid for imperial power, Vespasian joined forces with Mucianus, the governor of Syria, and Primus, a general in Pannonia. Primus and Mucianus led the Flavian forces against Vitellius, while Vespasian gained control of Egypt. On 20 December, Vitellius was defeated, and the following day Vespasian was declared Emperor by the Roman Senate.

Little information survives about the government during the ten years Vespasian was emperor. His reign is best known for financial reforms following the demise of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, the successful campaign against Judaea, and several ambitious construction projects, such as the Colosseum. Upon his death in 79, he was succeeded by his eldest son Titus, thus becoming the first Roman Emperor to be directly succeeded by his own son.