Flavius Julius Constantius, 337–361 AD

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ac07-0202_f_600x600ac07-0202_b_600x600


CATALOG INFORMATION
ID Number: AC07-0202
Category: Ancient Coins
Description: Flavius Julius Constantius, 337–361 AD
Country or State: Roman Empire
Year: Antiochia, 340 AD
Period:  
Head of State/Ruler: Constantius II (Full Name: Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus), 61st Emperor of the Roman Empire
Reign: 324 (13 November) – 337 (22 May): Caesar under his father, Constantine I; 337 – 340: co-Augustus (ruled Asian provinces & Egypt) with Constantine II and Constans; 340 – 350: co-Augustus (ruled Asian provinces & Egypt) with Constans; 350361 (3 November): Sole Augustus of the Roman Empire
Currency: Centenionalis or Nummus
Face Value:  
Subject/Theme: “Gloria Exercitus” (Glory of the Army)
Obverse: Laureate and cuirassed Portrait right
Obverse Legend: CONSTANTI-VS AVG
Obverse Designer:  
Reverse: Two soldiers standing facing, each holding a spear and leaning on an inverted shield, between them one military standard
Reverse Legend: GLOR-IA EXERC-ITVS // BSIS
Reverse Designer:  
Edge: Irregular
Note:  
Mint Mark:  
Composition: Bronze
Diameter: 14.5 mm (irregular)
Thickness:  
Weight: 2.8 grams
Mintage:  
Krause & Mishler Number:  
Other Catalog Number: C.92 var.; RIC.56 var.; LRBC.1391 var.; MRK.147 /91 var.
State of Conservation: Very Fine (VF)
Rarity:  
   

CATALOG VALUE
Proof (Prf) € -
Brilliant Uncirculated (BU) € -
Mint State/Mint Condition (MS) € -
Uncirculated (Unc) € -
Extremely Fine (XF) € -
Very Fine (VF) € 300.00
Fine (F) € -
Very Good (VG) € -
Good (G) € -
   

HISTORICAL NOTES

Constantius II was Roman Emperor from 337 to 361. The second son of Constantine I and Fausta, he ascended to the throne with his brothers Constantine II and Constans upon their father's death.

In 340, Constantius' brothers clashed over the western provinces of the empire. The resulting conflict left Constantine II dead and Constans as ruler of the west until he was overthrown and assassinated in 350 by the usurper Magnentius. Unwilling to accept Magnentius as co-ruler, Constantius defeated him at the battles of Mursa Major and Mons Seleucus. Magnentius committed suicide after the latter, leaving Constantius as sole ruler of the empire.

His subsequent military campaigns against Germanic tribes were successful: he defeated the Alamanni in 354 and campaigned across the Danube against the Quadi and Sarmatians in 357. In contrast, the war in the east against the Sassanids continued with mixed results.

In 351, due to the difficulty of managing the empire alone, Constantius elevated his cousin Constantius Gallus to the subordinate rank of Caesar, but had him executed three years later after receiving scathing reports of his violent and corrupt nature. Shortly thereafter, in 355, Constantius promoted his last surviving cousin, Gallus' younger half-brother, Julian, to the rank of Caesar.

However, Julian claimed the rank of Augustus in 360, leading to war between the two. Ultimately, no battle was fought as Constantius became ill and died late in 361, though not before naming his opponent as his successor.