Flavius Julius Constantius, 337-361 AD

ac09-0103_f_600x600
ac09-0103_f_600x600ac09-0103_b_600x600


CATALOG INFORMATION
ID Number: AC09-0103
Category: Ancient Coins
Description: Flavius Julius Constantius, 337-361 AD
Country or State: Eastern Roman Empire
Year: 347-348 AD
Period:  
Head of State/Ruler: Constantius II (Full Name Flavius Julius Constantius Augustus), 61st Emperor of the Roman Empire
Reign: 324 (13 November) – 337 (22 May): Caesar under his father, Constantine I; 337 – 340: co-Augustus (ruled Asian provinces & Egypt) with Constantine II and Constans; 340 – 350: co-Augustus (ruled Asian provinces & Egypt) with Constans; 350361 (3 November): Sole Augustus of the Roman Empire
Currency: Centenionalis or nummus
Face Value:  
Subject/Theme:  
Obverse: Laureate and cuirassed bust right
Obverse Legend: FL IVL CONSTANTIVS NOB C
Obverse Designer:  
Reverse: Two soldiers standing facing, each holding a spear and leaning on an inverted shield, between them two military standards
Reverse Legend: GLOR-IA-EXERCISES ITVS / / SMTS (Translates: The glory of the Army)
Reverse Designer:  
Edge: Irregular
Note: Thessalonica mint
Mint Mark:  
Composition: Bronze
Diameter: ~19.0 mm (irregular)
Thickness:  
Weight: 2.3 grams
Mintage:  
Krause & Mishler Number:  
Other Catalog Number: RIC VII 185
State of Conservation: Very Fine (VF), Natuaral green patina
Rarity:  
   

CATALOG VALUE
Proof (Prf) € -
Brilliant Uncirculated (BU) € -
Mint State/Mint Condition (MS) € -
Uncirculated (Unc) € -
Extremely Fine (XF) € -
Very Fine (VF) € -
Fine (F) € -
Very Good (VG) € -
Good (G) € -
   

HISTORICAL NOTES

Constantius II was Roman Emperor from 337 to 361. The second son of Constantine I and Fausta, he ascended to the throne with his brothers Constantine II and Constans upon their father's death.

In 340, Constantius' brothers clashed over the western provinces of the empire. The resulting conflict left Constantine II dead and Constans as ruler of the west until he was overthrown and assassinated in 350 by the usurper Magnentius. Unwilling to accept Magnentius as co-ruler, Constantius marched against him. Magnentius was defeated at the battles of Mursa Major and Mons Seleucus, committing suicide after the latter. This left Constantius as sole ruler of the empire.

His subsequent military campaigns against Germanic tribes were successful: he defeated the Alamanni in 354, and campaigned across the Danube against the Quadi and Sarmatians in 357. Contrastingly, in the east, the two decade old war against the Sassanids continued with mixed results.

As a consequence of the difficulty of managing the entire empire alone, Constantius elevated two of his cousins to the subordinate rank of Caesar. Constantius Gallus, the eldest surviving son of Constantius' half-uncle, Julius Constantius, was promoted in 351, but executed three years later for his supposedly violent and corrupt nature. Constantius then promoted Gallus' younger half-brother, Julian, who was Constantius' last surviving cousin and the man who would ultimately succeed him, in 355.

However, the actions of Julian in claiming the rank of Augustus in 360 led to war between the two. Ultimately, no battle ever took place as Constantius became ill and died late in 361, though not before naming his opponent as his successor.