Tiberius (14-37 AD) - For Augustus


ID Number: AC06-0301
Category: Ancient Coins
Description: Tiberius (14-37) - For Augustus
Country or State: Roman Empire
Year: 22/23-30 AD
Head of State/Ruler: Tiberius (Full name: Tiberius Claudius Nero (birth to adoption);Tiberius Julius Caesar (adoption to accession); Imperator Tiberius Caesar Augustus (as Emperor)); 2nd Emperor of the Roman Empire
Reign: 18 September 14 AD – 16 March 37 AD
Currency: Dupondius
Face Value:  
Subject/Theme: Commemoration to Octavianus Divi Filius Augustus
Obverse: Radiate head left
Obverse Designer:  
Reverse: Altar enclosure with double-panelled door
Reverse Legend: S-C across fields, PROVIDENT in ex.
Reverse Designer:  
Edge: Irregular
Mint Mark:  
Composition: Bronze
Diameter: ~27.0 mm (irregular)
Thickness: 2.0 mm
Weight: 10.5 grams
Krause & Mishler Number:  
Other Catalog Number: RIC 81; C. 228; CBN 132; BMC 146; BN 131
State of Conservation: Extremely Fine (XF)

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Tiberius was Roman Emperor from 14 AD to 37 AD. Born Tiberius Claudius Nero, a Claudian, Tiberius was the son of Tiberius Claudius Nero and Livia Drusilla. His mother divorced Nero and married Augustus in 39 BC, making him a step-son of Octavian.

Tiberius would later marry Augustus' daughter Julia the Elder (from his marriage to Scribonia) and even later be adopted by Augustus, by which act he officially became a Julian, bearing the name Tiberius Julius Caesar. The subsequent emperors after Tiberius would continue this blended dynasty of both families for the next forty years; historians have named it the Julio-Claudian dynasty. In relations to the other emperors of this dynasty, Tiberius was the stepson of Augustus, great-uncle of Caligula, paternal uncle of Claudius, and great-great uncle of Nero.

Tiberius was one of Rome's greatest generals, conquering Pannonia, Dalmatia, Raetia, and temporarily Germania; laying the foundations for the northern frontier. But he came to be remembered as a dark, reclusive, and sombre ruler who never really desired to be emperor; Pliny the Elder called him tristissimus hominum, "the gloomiest of men."

After the death of Tiberius’ son Drusus Julius Caesar in 23, he became more reclusive and aloof. In 26, against better judgement, Tiberius exiled himself from Rome and left administration largely in the hands of his unscrupulous Praetorian Prefects Lucius Aelius Sejanus and Quintus Naevius Sutorius Macro. Caligula, Tiberius' grand-nephew and adopted grandson, succeeded the emperor upon his death.