Gordian III & Tranquillina, 238-244 AD

ac07-0401_f_600x600
ac07-0401_f_600x600ac07-0401_b_600x600


CATALOG INFORMATION
ID Number: AC07-0401
Category: Ancient Coins
Description: Gordian III & Tranquillina, 238-244 AD
Country or State: Roman Province (MOESIA INFERIOR (TOMIS))
Year: 238-244 AD
Period:  
Head of State/Ruler: Gordian III (Full Name: Marcus Antonius Gordianus Pius Augustus); 32nd Emperor of the Roman Empire
Reign: 22 April – 29 July 238 (as Caesar to Pupienus and Balbinus); 29 July 238 – 11 February 244 (sole, nominally, though government done by senate)
Currency:  
Face Value:  
Subject/Theme:  
Obverse: Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Gordian right, and draped and diademed bust of Tranquillina left, vis-à-vis
Obverse Legend: AVT K M ANTWNIOC GOPDANOC CABINIA // TPANKYLINA AENIA
Obverse Designer:  
Reverse: Athena standing left, righ hand resting on shield set on ground, holding spear in left hand
Reverse Legend: MHTPO PONTOV TOMEW / V
Reverse Designer:  
Edge: Irregular
Note:  
Mint Mark:  
Composition: Bronze
Diameter: 27.0 mm (irregular)
Thickness: 3.0 mm
Weight: 10.8 grams
Mintage:  
Krause & Mishler Number:  
Other Catalog Number: Varbanov 5681var
State of Conservation: Extremely Fine (XF), Green Patina
Rarity:  
   

CATALOG VALUE
Proof (Prf) € -
Brilliant Uncirculated (BU) € -
Mint State/Mint Condition (MS) € -
Uncirculated (Unc) € -
Extremely Fine (XF) € -
Very Fine (VF) € -
Fine (F) € -
Very Good (VG) € -
Good (G) € -
   

HISTORICAL NOTES

Gordian III (Full Name: Marcus Antonius Gordianus Pius Augustus), was Roman Emperor from 238 to 244. At the age of 13, he became the youngest sole legal Roman emperor throughout the existence of the united Roman Empire. Gordian was the son of Antonia Gordiana and an unnamed Roman Senator who died before 238. Antonia Gordiana was the daughter of Emperor Gordian I and younger sister of Emperor Gordian II. Very little is known on his early life before his acclamation. Gordian had assumed the name of his maternal grandfather in 238.


Furia Sabinia Tranquillina or Sabinia Tranquillina (ca. 225 – aft. 244) was the Empress of Rome and wife of Emperor Gordian III. She was the young daughter of the Praetorian Prefect Timesitheus by an unknown wife.

In 241 her father was appointed the head of the Praetorian Guard by the Roman Emperor Gordian III. In May that year, Tranquillina had married Gordian. She became a Roman Empress and received the honorific title of Augusta. Her marriage to Gordian was an admission by the young emperor of both political indispensability of Timesitheus and Tranquillina’s suitability as an empress.

In 243, Tranquillina's father suddenly died and was replaced with Philip the Arab, as head of the Praetorian Guard. When Gordian was killed in February 244, Philip became the new emperor. Tranquillina survived her husband. She had no sons with him.