Gaius Messius Quintus Decius, 249-251 AD

ac15-0301_f_600x600
ac15-0301_f_600x600ac15-0301_b_600x600


CATALOG INFORMATION
ID Number: AC15-0301
Category: Ancient Coins
Description: Gaius Messius Quintus Decius, 249-251 AD
Country or State: Roman Empire (34th Emperor of the Roman Empire)
Year: Struck 250 AD
Period:  
Head of State/Ruler: Trajan Decius (Full Name: Gaius Messius Quintus Decius (from birth to accession); Caesar Gaius Messius Quintus Traianus Decius Augustus (as emperor))
Reign: Trajan Decius was Roman Emperor from 249 to 251. In the last year of his reign, he co-ruled with his son Herennius Etruscus until they were both killed in the Battle of Abritus.
Currency: AR Antoninianus
Face Value:  
Subject/Theme:  
Obverse: Radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right
Obverse Legend: IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG
Obverse Designer:  
Reverse: The two Pannoniae standing facing, each with head turned outward and holding signum
Reverse Legend: PANNONIAE
Reverse Designer:  
Edge: Irregular
Note:  
Mint Mark:  
Composition: Silver (Ag)
Diameter: ~22.0 mm (irrgular)
Thickness:  
Weight: 4.2 grams
Mintage:  
Krause & Mishler Number:  
Other Catalog Number: RIC IV 21b; RSC 86.
State of Conservation: Extremely Fine (XF)
Rarity: Rare
   

CATALOG VALUE
Proof (Prf) € -
Brilliant Uncirculated (BU) € -
Mint State/Mint Condition (MS) € -
Uncirculated (Unc) € -
Extremely Fine (XF) € -
Very Fine (VF) € -
Fine (F) € -
Very Good (VG) € -
Good (G) € -
   

HISTORICAL NOTES

Trajan Decius was Roman Emperor from 249 to 251. In the last year of his reign, he co-ruled with his son Herennius Etruscus until they were both killed in the Battle of Abrittus.

Decius, who was born at Budalia near Sirmium in Lower Pannonia, was one of the first among a long succession of future Roman Emperors to originate from the province of Illyricum in the Danube.

Unlike some of his immediate imperial predecessors such as Philip the Arab or Maximinus, Decius was a distinguished senator who had served as consul in 232, had been governor of Moesia and Germania Inferior soon afterwards, served as governor of Hispania Tarraconensis between 235–238, and was urban prefect of Rome during the early reign of Emperor Philip the Arab (Marcus Iulius Phillipus).

Decius' political program was focused on the restoration of the strength of the State, both military opposing the external threats, and restoring the public piety with a program of renovation of the State religion.

Either as a concession to the Senate, or perhaps with the idea of improving public morality, Decius endeavoured to revive the separate office and authority of the censor. The choice was left to the Senate, who unanimously selected Valerian (the future emperor). But Valerian, well aware of the dangers and difficulties attaching to the office at such a time, declined the responsibility. The invasion of the Goths and Decius' death put an end to the abortive attempt.

During his reign, he proceeded with several building projects in Rome, "including the Thermae Deciane or Baths of Decius on the Aventine", which was completed in 252 and survived through to the 16th century; Decius also acted to repair the Colosseum, which had been damaged by lightning strikes.