Istituto Nazionale di Statistica (Istat) is the Italian National Statistical Institute. Its activities include the census of population, economic censuses and a number of social, economic and environmental surveys and analyses. Istat is by far the largest producer of Statistical information in Italy, and is an active member of the European Statistical System, coordinated by Eurostat.
Its publications are released under creative commons "Attribution" (CC BY) license.
Istat was created in 1926 as "Central Institute of Statistics" (Istituto Centrale di Statistica), to collect and organize essential data about the nation. It took its current denomination with the reform of 1989. This also gave Istat statutory responsibility for the coordination and standardization of official statistics collected or published under the aegis of the national statistical system SISTAN, whose membership includes the statistical offices of ministries, national agencies, regions, provinces, communes, chambers of commerce, and similar bodies. Since August 4, 2009, Enrico Giovannini, former Chief statistician of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), has been the President of the institute.