Republic of Florence, 1483


ID Number: WB01-0112
Category: Medals and Tokens
Description: Republic of Florence, 1483
Country or State: Republic of Florence (Italian State)
Year: 1483
Period: Medicis' Dynasty
Head of State/Ruler: Lorenzo de' Medici (Commonly known as Lorenzo "the Magnificent")
Reign: 1469–1492
Face Value:  
Obverse: Crowned Female Bust Right (Most probably Clarice Orsini (Spouse of Lorenzo de' Medici))
Obverse Legend: ***VNREPVBLICA - ANNO - **** - **IS · OFNINGNE 1483 (* = illegible Text)
Obverse Designer:  
Reverse: Blank
Reverse Legend:  
Reverse Designer:  
Edge: Plain
Mint Mark:  
Composition: Silver (Ag)
Diameter: 44.0 mm
Thickness: 1.2 mm
Weight: 12.0 grams
Krause & Mishler Number:  
Other Catalog Number:  
State of Conservation: Very Fine (VF)

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Extremely Fine (XF) € -
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The Republic of Florence (Repubblica Fiorentina), or the Florentine Republic, was a city-state that was centered on the city of Florence, located in modern Tuscany, Italy.

The republic was founded in 1115, when the Florentine people rebelled against the Margraviate of Tuscany upon Margravine Matilda's death. The Florentines formed a commune in Matilda's place. The republic was ruled by a council, known as the signoria. The signoria was chosen by the gonfaloniere (titular ruler of the city), who was elected every two months by Florentine guild members.

The republic has a chequered history of coups and counter coups against various factions. The Medici faction gained governance of the city in 1434, upon Cosimo de' Medici's counter coup against the faction that sent him into exile the previous year. The Medici kept control of Florence until 1494. Giovanni de' Medici (later Pope Leo X) re-conquered the republic in 1512.

The Medici's authority was repudiated for a second time in 1527, during the War of the League of Cognac. The Medici re-assumed their rule in 1531, after an 11-month siege of the city. The republican government was disestablished in 1532, when Pope Clement VII appointed Alessandro de' Medici "Duke of the Florentine Republic", thereafter making the republic a hereditary monarchy.