Naples & Sicily, 5 Lire 1813

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CATALOG INFORMATION
ID Number: MC03-0101
Category: Modern Coins
Description: Naples & Sicily, 5 Lire 1813
Country or State: Naples and Sicily or Kingdom of Two Sicilies (Italian States)
Year: 1813
Period: Napoleonic Government
Head of State/Ruler: Gioacchino Murat (Napoleone) 1808-1815, King of Naples & Grand Duke of Berg and Cleves
Reign: 1 August 1808 – 3 May 1815
Currency: Lira
Face Value: 5 Lire
Subject/Theme:  
Obverse: Head of Ruler facing right, date below
Obverse Legend: GIOACHINO NAPOLEONE, 1813
Obverse Designer:  
Reverse: Coat of arms within ornate and crowned pavilion
Reverse Legend: REGNO DELLE DUE SICILIE, 5 LIRE
Reverse Designer:  
Edge: Inscribed: "DIO PROTEGGE IL REGNO"
Note: Reform Coinage, Minted in Naples, Type 2
Mint Mark:  
Composition: Silver 0.900 (Ag)
Diameter: 37.0 mm
Thickness:  
Weight: 25.0000 grams (0.7234 oz.)
Mintage: 36,916
Krause & Mishler Number: C# 111
Other Catalog Number: Gigante: 12; Pagani: 58/d
State of Conservation: Uncirculated (Unc)
Rarity:  
   

CATALOG VALUE
Proof (Prf) € -
Brilliant Uncirculated (BU) € -
Mint State/Mint Condition (MS) € -
Uncirculated (Unc) € 5500.00
Extremely Fine (XF) € 2500.00
Very Fine (VF) € 500.00
Fine (F) € 250.00
Very Good (VG) € -
Good (G) € -
   

HISTORICAL NOTES

Joachim-Napoléon Murat Marshal of France and Grand Admiral or Admiral of France, 1st Prince Murat, was Grand Duke of Berg from 1806 to 1808 and then King of Naples from 1808 to 1815. He received his titles in part by being the brother-in-law of Napoleon Bonaparte, through marriage to Napoleon's youngest sister, Caroline Bonaparte. He was noted as a daring and charismatic cavalry officer as well as a flamboyant dresser and was known as 'the Dandy King'.

Napoleon made Murat a Marshal of France on 18 May 1804, and also granted him the title of "First Horseman of Europe". He was created Prince of the Empire in 1805, appointed Grand Duke of Berg and Cleves on 15 March 1806 and held this title until 1 August 1808 when he was named King of Naples and Sicily. He was in charge of the French Army in Madrid when the popular 2nd May uprising that started the Peninsular War happened.

Murat was equally useful in Napoleon's invasion of Russia (1812), and in the Battle of Leipzig (1813). However, after France's defeat at Leipzig, Murat reached an agreement with the Austrian Empire in order to save his own throne.

During the Hundred Days, he realized that the European powers, meeting as the Congress of Vienna, had the intention to remove him and return the Kingdom of Naples and Sicily to its pre-Napoleonic rulers. Murat deserted his new allies, and, after issuing a proclamation to the Italian patriots in Rimini, moved north to fight against the Austrians in the Neapolitan War to strengthen his rule in Italy by military means. He was defeated by Frederick Bianchi, a general of Francis I of Austria, in the Battle of Tolentino (2–3 May 1815).

He fled to Corsica after Napoleon's fall. During an attempt to regain Naples through an insurrection in Calabria by announcing a rebellion at the town square he was attacked by an old woman blaming him for the loss of her son, the incident sparking attention. Forces of the legitimate King, Ferdinand IV of Naples, arrested him and he was eventually executed by firing squad at the Castello di Pizzo, (Calabria).

When the fatal moment arrived, Murat walked with a firm step to the place of execution, as calm, as unmoved, as if he had been going to an ordinary review. He would not accept a chair, nor suffer his eyes to be bound. "I have braved death (said he) too often to fear it." He stood upright, proudly and undauntedly, with his countenance towards the soldiers; and when all was ready, he kissed a cameo on which the head of his wife was engraved, and gave the word — thus.