Italy, 2 Lire 1863

db01-0107_b_600x600
db01-0107_b_600x600db01-0107_f_600x600


CATALOG INFORMATION
ID Number: DB01-0107
Category: Modern Coins
Description: Italy, 2 Lire 1863
Country or State: Kingdom of Italy
Year: 1863
Period: Kingdom (17 March 1861 - 18 June 1946)
Head of State/Ruler: Vittorio Emanuele II (Full Name: Vittorio Emanuele Maria Alberto Eugenio Ferdinando Tommaso)
Reign: 23 March 1849 – 17 March 1861 (11 years, 359 days) as King of Sardinia; 17 March 1861 – 9 January 1878 (16 years, 298 days) as King of Italy
Currency: Lira
Face Value: 2 Lire
Subject/Theme:  
Obverse: Head right (Vittorio Emanuele II)
Obverse Legend: VITTORIO EMANUELE II 1863
Obverse Designer: Giuseppe Farraris
Reverse: Value above sprigs
Reverse Legend: REGNO D'ITALIA 2 LIRE
Reverse Designer: Giuseppe Farraris
Edge: FERT FERT FERT
Note: These coins were minted in 1963, 1964 & 1965 although the date is always 1963
Mint Mark: T (Turin)
Composition: Silver (Ag) 0.8350
Diameter: 27.00 mm
Thickness:  
Weight: 10.000 grams (0.2684 oz.)
Mintage: 4,075,381
Krause & Mishler Number: KM# 16.2
Other Catalog Number: Gigante: 59; Pagani: 509
State of Conservation: Very Fine (VF)
Rarity: Rare
   

CATALOG VALUE
Proof (Prf) € -
Brilliant Uncirculated (BU) € -
Mint State/Mint Condition (MS) € 1900.00
Uncirculated (Unc) € -
Extremely Fine (XF) € 770.00
Very Fine (VF) € 160.00
Fine (F) € 40.00
Very Good (VG) € -
Good (G) € -
   

HISTORICAL NOTES

Vittorio Emanuele II was king of Sardinia from 1849, on 17 March 1861, he assumed the title King of Italy to become the first king of a united Italy, a title he held until his death in 1878. The Italians gave him the epithet Father of the Fatherland (Italian: Padre della Patria).

He became King of Sardinia in 1849 when his father had abdicated the throne after a humiliating military defeat by the Austrians at Novara. Victor Emanuel was immediately able to obtain a rather favorable armistice at Vignale by the Austrian commander, Radetzky. The treaty, however, was not ratified by the Piedmontese chamber, and Vittorio Emanuele retaliated by firing Prime Minister Claudio Gabriele de Launay, replacing him with Massimo D'Azeglio. After new elections, the peace with Austria was accepted by the new Chamber of Deputies. In 1849 he also fiercely suppressed the revolt in Genoa, defining the rebels as a "vile and infected race of canailles".

In 1852, he appointed Count Camillo Benso of Cavour Prime Minister of Piedmont-Sardinia. This turned out to be a wise choice as Cavour was a political mastermind and a major player in Italian unification in his own right. Victor Emanuel II soon became the symbol of the Italian Risorgimento, the Italian unification movement. He was especially popular in the Kingdom of Sardinia because of his respect for the new constitution and his liberal reforms.