Italy, 10000 Lire 1984


ID Number: SR42-0101
Category: Paper Money
Description: Italy, 10000 Lire 1984
Country or State: Italy
Year: Decreto ministeriale 3 Settembre 1984
Period: Republic (2 June 1946 - present)
Head of State/Ruler: Benedetto "Bettino" Craxi (45th Prime Minister of Italy)
Reign: 4 August 1983 – 17 April 1987
Currency: Lira
Face Value: 10'000 Lire
Subject/Theme: Alessandro Volta
Obverse: Physicist Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta (18 February 1745 – 5 March 1827). Voltaic battery - electric battery prototype. Winged lion of St. Mark, symbol of Venice above three shields of Genoa, Pisa and Amalfi.
Obverse Legend: Banca d'Italia. Lire Diecimila pagabili a vista al portatore.
Obverse Designer: Giovanni Pino
Reverse: Mausoleum of Alessandro Volta in Como
Reverse Legend: La legge punisce i fabbricatori e gli spacciatori di biglietti falsi.
Reverse Designer: Giovanni Pino

Watermark: Portrait of Alessandro Volta; Electrotype "BI" monogram.

Signatures: Antonio Fazio (Governor - Il Governatore); Angelo Amici (Cashier - Il Cassiere).

Notes Issued: 3,200,000,000.

Printer: Officina della Banca d'Italia (Bank of Italy Printing Works), Rome.

Dimensions (B x H): 133 x 70 mm
Krause Catalog Number: P112a
Other Catalog Number:  
State of Conservation: Extremely Fine (XF)

Uncirculated (Unc) € -
Extremely Fine (XF) € -
Very Fine (VF) € -
Fine (F) € -
Very Good (VG) € -
Good (G) € -
Poor (P) € -


Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Gerolamo Umberto Volta (1745-1827) was born and educated in Rome, Italy. He became professor of physics at the Royal School in 1774 and at the University of Pavia in 1779. He is best known for the development of the electric battery in 1800.

The battery made by Volta is credited as the first electrochemical cell. It consists of two electrodes: one made of zinc, the other of copper. The electrolyte is sulfuric acid or a brine mixture of salt and water. The electrolyte exists in the form 2H+ and SO42−. The zinc, which is higher than both copper and hydrogen in the electrochemical series, reacts with the negatively charged sulfate (SO42−). The positively charged hydrogen ions (protons) capture electrons from the copper, forming bubbles of hydrogen gas, H2. This makes the zinc rod the negative electrode and the copper rod the positive electrode.

We now have two terminals, and the current will flow if we connect them. The reactions in this cell are as follows:

Zn Zn2+ + 2e−
sulfuric acid
2H+ + 2e− H2

The copper does not react, functioning as an electrode for the chemical reaction.

However, this cell also has some disadvantages. It is unsafe to handle, as sulfuric acid, even if dilute, is dangerous. Also, the power of the cell diminishes over time because the hydrogen gas is not released, accumulating instead on the surface of the zinc electrode and forming a barrier between the metal and the electrolyte solution.