Philip II of Macedon, 359-336 BC

ac04-0303_f_600x600
ac04-0303_f_600x600ac04-0303_b_600x600


CATALOG INFORMATION
ID Number: AC04-0303
Category: Ancient Coins
Description: Philip II of Macedon, 359-336 BC
Country or State: Macedon
Year:  
Period: 359–336 BC
Head of State/Ruler: PHILIPPOS II of Macedon (He was the father of Alexander the Great and Philip III)
Reign: Was a king (basileus) of Macedon from 359 BC until his assassination in 336 BC
Currency:  
Face Value:  
Subject/Theme:  
Obverse: Diademed head of Apollo facing right
Obverse Legend:  
Obverse Designer:  
Reverse: Biga prancing right, trident below
Reverse Legend: ΦIΛIΠΠOΥ
Reverse Designer:  
Edge: Irregular
Note:  
Mint Mark:  
Composition: Silver (Ag)
Diameter: ~17.0 mm (irregular)
Thickness:  
Weight: 4.6 grams
Mintage:  
Krause & Mishler Number:  
Other Catalog Number:  
State of Conservation: Very Fine (VF)
Rarity:  
   

CATALOG VALUE
Proof (Prf) € -
Brilliant Uncirculated (BU) € -
Mint State/Mint Condition (MS) € -
Uncirculated (Unc) € -
Extremely Fine (XF) € -
Very Fine (VF) € -
Fine (F) € -
Very Good (VG) € -
Good (G) € -
   

HISTORICAL NOTES

Philip's military skills and expansionist vision of Macedonian greatness brought him early success. He first had to re-establish a situation which had been greatly worsened by the defeat against the Illyrians in which King Perdiccas himself had died.

The Paionians and the Thracians had sacked and invaded the eastern regions of the country, while the Athenians had landed, at Methoni on the coast, a contingent under a Macedonian pretender called Argeus. Using diplomacy, Philip pushed back Paionians and Thracians promising tributes, and crushed the 3,000 Athenian hoplites (359).

Momentarily free from his opponents, he concentrated on strengthening his internal position and, above all, his army. His most important innovation was doubtless the introduction of the phalanx infantry corps, armed with the famous sarissa, an exceedingly long spear, at the time the most important army corps in Macedonia.